By Frank T. Reuter
At the shut of the Spanish-American struggle the us discovered itself in ownership of a colonial empire. The position performed by way of the yankee Catholic Church in influencing administrative coverage for the hot, and predominately Catholic, dependencies is the topic of this incisive learn by means of Frank T. Reuter.
Reuter discusses the centuries-old complex involvement of the Spanish crown and the local Roman Catholic Church within the civil, social, and charitable associations of Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines. He explores the makes an attempt of usa officers to use the conventional doctrine of separation of church and nation in resolving the issues of a Church-run college method, the alleged desecration of local Catholic church buildings by way of American forces within the Philippines, the local antagonism towards the Spanish friars, and the disposition of Church estate in dependencies with a deeply rooted correlation among the Catholic Church and the state.
Recounting the improvement of the Catholic Church in the US, which felt accountable for conserving the islands’ spiritual constitution after Spanish regulate used to be got rid of, Reuter sees the response of the Church to the conflict with Spain and to colonial coverage within the early postwar interval as voiced no longer through a monolithic political strength, yet by means of different spokesmen—in specific the unofficial voice of the Catholic press. He lines the expansion of the Church within the usa from a disparate crew of dioceses clinging to eu backgrounds, disunited through a divided hierarchy, and attacked by means of the wave of the anti-Catholic, nativistic sentiments of the final twenty years of the 19th century, to a church physique unified by way of the issues within the colonies. Catholic opinion, even if no longer applied to its complete political power, completed a typical concentration in the course of the formation of the Federation of yank Catholic Societies and the talk in Congress over the Philippine govt Bill.
This learn of yank and local Catholic attitudes towards the formula of usa coverage within the insular dependencies and the angle of the U.S. govt towards the Catholic pursuits within the dependencies information the interaction of personalities and agencies: Presidents William McKinley and Theodore Roosevelt; William Howard Taft, civil governor of the Philippines; James Cardinal Gibbons, moderator among Catholic factions and reputable spokesman of the hierarchy to the Papacy and the us govt; Archbishop Placide L. Chapelle, apostolic delegate of the Vatican to the Philippines; Archbishop John eire, buddy of President McKinley; the Philippine Commissions; and the Taft venture to the Vatican in 1902.
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