December 3, 2022

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Rise and fall of crypto exchange FTX By Reuters

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© Reuters. FILE PHOTO: FTX logo is seen in this illustration taken, November 8, 2022. REUTERS/Dado Ruvic/Illustration

(Reuters) -Cryptocurrency exchange FTX stood on the brink of failure on Friday after a bailout from larger rival Binance collapsed and the chances of other rescue funding looked slim.

Chief executive Sam Bankman-Fried said he was exploring all options for his firm.

Here is a history of FTX since its foundation in 2019:

2019:

May – Former Wall Street trader Sam Bankman-Fried and ex-Google employee Gary Wang founded FTX, the owner and operator of FTX.COM cryptocurrency exchange.

2020:

August – FTX acquired mobile portfolio tracking application, Blockfolio for $150 million.

2021:

July – A $900 million funding round valued FTX at $18 billion.

September – FTX signed a sponsorship deal with Mercedes’ Formula 1 team.

October – FTX raised capital at a valuation of $25 billion from investors including Singapore’s Temasek and Tiger Global.

2022:

Jan. 27 – FTX’s U.S. arm said it was valued at $8 billion after raising $400 million in its first funding round from investors including SoftBank and Temasek.

Jan. 31 – FTX raised $400 million from investors including SoftBank at a valuation of $32 billion.

June 4 – FTX signed a reportedly $135 million sponsorship deal for naming rights of the Miami Heat’s home court.

July 1 – FTX signed a deal with an option to buy embattled crypto lender BlockFi for up to $240 million.

July 22 – FTX offered a partial bailout of bankrupt crypto lender Voyager Digital. Voyager called it a “low-ball bid”.

July 29 – FTX said it won full approval to operate its exchange and clearing house in Dubai.

Aug. 19 – A U.S. bank regulator ordered FTX to halt “false and misleading” claims it had made about whether funds at the company are insured by the government.

Sept. 9 – FTX’s venture capital fund said it would buy a 30% stake in SkyBridge Capital.

Nov. 2 – Crypto news website CoinDesk reported a leaked balance sheet that showed Alameda Research, Bankman-Fried’s crypto trading firm, was heavily dependent on FTX’s native token, FTT. Reuters was unable to verify the report.

Nov. 6 – Binance CEO Changpeng Zhao said his firm would liquidate its holdings of FTT due to unspecified “recent revelations”.

Nov. 7 – Bankman-Fried said “FTX is fine. Assets are fine”.

Nov. 8 – FTT collapses by 72% as clients swamp the exchange with withdrawal requests.

Nov. 9 – Binance decided against pursuing a nonbinding agreement to bail out FTX.

Nov. 10 – FTX suspended on-boarding of new clients as well as withdrawals until further notice

Nov. 10 – Bankman-Fried told staff in a memo that he was seeking a capital raising and had held talks with Justin Sun, founder of the crypto token Tron

Nov. 10 – Reuters reported that Bankman-Fried is seeking to put together a rescue package of up to $9.4 billion for FTX

Nov. 10 – Securities Commission Of the Bahamas said it had frozen assets of FTX Digital Markets, a subsidiary of FTX

Nov. 10 – U.S. Senate Agriculture Committee Chair Debbie Stabenow said the U.S. Congress needs to pass legislation in the wake of the collapse of FTX

Here is a list of FTX’s investors since 2019, according to private market data provider, PitchBook.

2019 Tiger Global Management, Insight Partners, SoftBank

Inves Investment Advisors, Temasek, Telstra (OTC:) Ventures,

tors Teachers Venture Growth, Steadview Capital Management,

Redline DAO, Paradigm, New Enterprise Associates,

Lightspeed Ventures, 500 Global, Binance Labs,

Consensus Lab, FBG Capital, Galois Capital, Greylock

Capital Management, Lemniscap, Race Capital, IVP, HOF

Capital

2020 Bitscale Capital, BR Capital, Evangelion Capital,

Inves Exnetwork Capital, Genblock Capital, Insignius

tors Capital, Pantera Capital

2021 BlackRock (NYSE:), Tom Brady, Gisele Bundchen, Samsung (KS:) NEXT

Inves Ventures, Sequoia Capital, Coinbase (NASDAQ:) Ventures, Base10

tors Partners, Astronaut Capital, AGE Crypto, Vetamer

Capital, Senator Investment Group, Sea Capital,

Paradigm, Meritech Capital Partners, ICONIQ Growth,

Third Point Ventures, Thoma Bravo, Kevin O’Leary,

Willoughby Capital, Digital Currency Group, Third

Point, Tribe Capital, Bond Capital, Standard

Investments, Circle , Ribbit Capital, Multicoin

Capital, Mayfield, 6ixth Event, Abstract Ventures,

Alan Howard, Altimeter Capital Management, Bond,

Schoeneck & King, DHVC, Israel Englander, Mark VC

2022 Temasek, SoftBank Vision Fund 2, Ontario Teachers

Inves Pension Plan, K5 Global, MiH Ventures, Mint Ventures,

tors NKB Ventures, Signum Capital, Alchemy Ventures, Lux

Capital, Fenrir, Claritas Capital, Hard Yaka, Early

Capital Group, Chapter One Ventures, One Block

Capital, Chainfund Capital, A’Z Angels, Allied

Investors Group, ArkStream Capital

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